Talih hamdan

Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Many Near-Eastern, Arabian and Mediterranean cultures including Greece, Algeria, Morocco, Spain and southern France had, or still have, rich semi-improvised, semi-sung colloquial poetry traditions, which share some traits with Lebanese zajal, such as the verbal duel e. She began her singing career as a teenager, performing in the chorus at the Lebanese radio station.

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One of the oldest Lebanese music forms is today considered a living tradition, especially in rural areas. The statement that none of the extant oral poetry traditions can rival Lebanese zajal in its sophistication, metric variety, extended lineage, and continued evolution may be arguable, but it is hard to contest the fact that none of them enjoys its ardent popularity.

A study of the spoken Arabic of Baskinta. Traditionally cosmopolitan communities e. To lay me down, once more to lay me down with my head in sparklin' clover to lay me down, one last time, to lay me down To be with you, once more, to be with you.


Pop Divas In the post-war period, Lebanon has continued to export popular music to the rest of the Arab world. Western classical and Oriental classical.

Friday, 04 January Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa. Zajal is semi-improvised and semi-sung and is often performed in the format of a debate between zajjalin poets who improvise the zajal.

His arrest caused widespread outcry among fans. Today, the majority of the educated Lebanese do not know a m3anna from a qerradi the two most common metrical forms of zajal and are likely to be more familiar with a few forms of French prosody e. Other Lebanese universities followed suit, especially after the civil war. The relegation of the colloquial literature, including zajal, to a sub-literary class was further solidified by the rise of pan-Arabism in the s and 60s at a time when the Lebanese schooling system witnessed its widest expansion and standardization.

In Aprilthe group was banned from playing in Jordanalthough the ban was later lifted.

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Banu Hamdan is a well known Yemeni clan since the 1st millennium BCE, it was mentioned in Sabaic inscriptions as qayls of Hashidwho later acquired control over a part of Bakil and finally gave their clan name to a tribal confederation including Hashid and Bakil.

Today, many tens of professional zajal poets tour the Lebanese countryside and expatriate communities around the world performing to audiences of thousands of aficionados. The whole is accompanied by a chorus with tambourines and other percussion instruments. This difference is due, at least partly, to the colloquial having a clear substratum made up of extinct or semi-extinct non-Arabic dialects of Levantine Semitic languagessuch as AramaicSyriac and Canaaniteas well as having later infusions of Persian e.

The elevation of this canon to scholarly attention was not helped by the fact that the cause of colloquial Lebanese was espoused only by ultra-nationalists especially during the divisive Lebanese Civil War, who sought to claim a Lebanese culture distinct hamdna that of the Arabs. The whole is accompanied by a chorus with tambourines and other percussion instruments. Although many audio and video recordings of zajal events have been made, especially on Lebanese TV during the s, 70s and 80s, there has been little effort to properly transcribe or archive these recordings at national or university libraries for serious scholarly research.

Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, Volume 2. On the other hand, the MaronitesDruze and Shiites who inhabit, or have their roots, in the Lebanese mountains and rural areas, have disproportionately populated the ranks of zajjali over zajal's centuries-long evolution. This regional bias is also reflected in the imagery of zajal, which mirrors more the bucolic and sensual sensibilities of the rural countryside than the cerebral, and formal concerns of urban intellectuals.

In the same period, an extensive underground music scene developed, covering blues to jazz, hip-hop to rock, metal to post-punk and psychedelic to electronic-core. Banu Kathir from Hadramut in the East of Yemen where they established their own sultanate. The Development of Lebanese Zajal: One metrical system is quantitative and is clearly based on some of the strict so-called Khalili meters of classical Arabic poetry for instance the m3anna and related forms scan according to the classical sari3rajaz and wafir meters, and the other is stress-syllabic for instance many sub-forms of the qerradi are clearly based on Syriac metrics, such as the syllabic metric of the Afframiyyat homilies attributed to the 4th-century St.

Fairuz, Famous lebanese singer. The earliest practitioner of zajal in what is present-day Lebanon is thought [5] to be the Bishop Gabriel Al-Qla3i Al-Hafadialthough some scholarship [6] traces Lebanese zajal back almost two centuries earlier to a poet by the name of Souleiman Al-Ashlouhi and a few of his contemporaries, and in particular to a single poem inthe year of the destruction of Tripoli in present north Lebanon by the Mamluks.

Najwa Karam in concert in Bahrain.

The ease with which this Arabization occurred is due to the fundamental kinship between Arabic and the local dialects -all being Semitic and thus based on derivations from triconsonantal triliteral roots. It debuted at number one on local iTunes channels, and reached number 11 on the international Billboard Charts, prompting the Guardian newspaper to write: The regional variation in the appreciation of zajal in Lebanon mirrors to a remarkable extent the ethnic and sectarian fragmentation, which remains despite six decades of national co-habitation.

This went hand-in-hand with a growing interest in Arabic pop, and an Arabic music industry emerged that was focused in and on Beirut. Today, many tens of professional zajal poets tour the Lebanese countryside and expatriate communities around the world performing to audiences of thousands of aficionados.

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